ZZ Plant Care Guide – Zamioculcas Zamiifolia

ZZ Plant Care Guide – Zamioculcas Zamiifolia: 16 Tips For You

The ZZ plant, also known as Zamioculcas zamiifolia, is a must-have simply because of its gorgeous beauty.

The care of a ZZ plant is straightforward, and the plant itself is highly durable. Because it is adaptable to a range of conditions, you can be confident that it will thrive in your home.

The beauty of the ZZ plant, in addition to its low maintenance requirements, is a key element in its global appreciation.

Extensive, stocky stems with lovely, naturally glossy foliage.

The leaves might be emerald green or dark green (ZZ Raven variety). A strikingly beautiful ornamental plant.

To top it all off, because of its higher tolerance of low light, the ZZ plant can flourish in settings where most other houseplants would perish.

Another reason to admire the zamioculcas zamiifolia.

To summarize, it is a low-maintenance plant that flourishes in the face of neglect.

Depending on the circumstances, this plant may reach interior heights of more than 3 feet (0.9 m).

The ZZ plant is a relative newcomer to the world of indoor gardening.

What is a ZZ plant?

Zamioculcas zamiifolia is a drought-resistant tree endemic to desert parts of Africa that has been there for centuries (where it thrives outdoors).

Dutch nurseries in South Africa noticed the plant’s multiplication potential more than two decades ago, and they began exporting it to other nations in 1996.

How to Care for a ZZ Plant (Zamioculcas Zamiifolia)

Since then, ZZ plants have made their way into people’s hearts, homes, and businesses all across the world.

Why are ZZ plants so popular?

With its broad, glossy, dark green leaves, the ZZ plant offers a lot of helpful properties that make it an excellent option for both the home and the business.

A ZZ plant will not throw a fit if you forget about it, if it is deprived of water, or if it receives less sunshine than it would like.

This plant is fantastic for making indoor areas feel more open because of the way the leaves’ waxy, smooth surface reflects light.

ZZ grows slowly, often reaching a height and width of two to three feet; so, it is not a plant monster that outgrows containers rapidly.

According to a NASA research, the ZZ plant is extremely good in removing volatile organic chemicals (VOCs) like as xylene, toluene, and benzene from the air.

How To Care For ZZ Plant

  • Bringing the plant home
  • Light conditions
  • Watering
  • Humidity and temperature
  • Cleaning
  • Fertilizing
  • Repotting
  • Soil
  • Propagation
  • Toxicity Information
  • Pests and other common issues

Bringing the Plant Home

Even though ZZ plants aren’t susceptible to pests or illnesses that may spread to your other plants, it’s still a good idea to give the plant a full inspection if you see anything out of the ordinary.

If there are any leftover pests that you were unable to eliminate, isolate the item for a week or more.

What Kind Of Light Does ZZ Plant Need?

ZZ plant doesn’t care how much light it gets.

It performs effectively in a range of lighting conditions, from dim to indirect sunlight.

They are common in offices and waiting rooms since they flourish in fluorescent illumination.

All that should be avoided is extended exposure to intense sunlight. If the leaves are exposed to too much sunshine, they will ultimately shrivel.

To be fair, not all sunshine is made equal. It all depends on where you live; if the sunlight isn’t too bright where you live, your ZZ plant may flourish well even in the sun.

How much sunlight does a ZZ Plant need?

The ZZ thrives in medium to bright indirect light, although it may also live in lower amounts of indirect light.

It requires at least six hours of sunshine every day and can withstand up to twelve hours in the summer.

To shield it from bright, direct sunlight, move it to the middle of the room or place a transparent curtain or drape over south-facing windows.

Watering Your ZZ Plant

The most important aspect of caring for your ZZ plant is proper watering. ZZ plants are almost always resistant to damage.

Overwatering and, less commonly, underwatering, on the other hand, can be lethal.

If you overwater your ZZ plant, it will die from root rot. Watering less often is therefore better to overwatering.

Water your plant after it has been dry for a brief amount of time. Maintain a close eye on the ground.

ZZ Plant Care

For optimal results, water once every two to four weeks, depending on how rapidly the soil dries out. Always be sure to fully wet the plants when you water them.

These are sluggish growers, so regular watering will hasten their development, but they will survive and flourish even if you don’t water them for a few months.

However, it should not be done on a regular basis.

Watering your plant for an extended period of time or on a regular basis may hurt it, just as plants require water and receive enormous volumes of water (heavy showers, when it rains) in their natural habitat, albeit intermittently.

Although the plant is good at retaining water, making it more resistant to dry spells in the wild, you should not put it to the test in the house.

If neglected for too long, it, like any other plant, can be destroyed by a lack of water. Watering your ZZ plant on a regular basis is critical for its health.

If you don’t water your plant, it will drop its leaves in preparation for the dry season and hibernation (as it would in nature).

In general, tap water is safe to drink.

If the tap water in your area is especially harsh or of questionable quality, filtered water or anything else is preferred.

What Kind of Humidity and Temperature Do ZZ Plants Need?

The ZZ plant can thrive in low-humidity conditions and even in dry air.

A humidity level of 40% or less is desirable, although the majority of dwellings have far greater humidity levels.

In general, the temperature in here is exactly fine. The ideal temperature range for your ZZ plant is between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit (18 and 26 degrees Celsius).

Temperatures as low as 40-45 degrees Fahrenheit (5-7 degrees Celsius) can be lethal to the ZZ plant, but temperatures considerably lower than that can be fatal.

Frost damage is too much for it.

How to Clean and Prune the ZZ Plant?

Dust can gather on the beautiful leaves of this plant over time.

Filling a bucket with water, securing the soil, and then immersing the plant in the solution is the most basic technique of washing a little plant.

ZZ Plant Care

Maintain a reasonable temperature for the water.

Larger plants cannot accomplish this due to their size. Massage the leaves gently with soft towels soaked with lukewarm water.

ZZ plants’ leaves are usually shiny. They may lose part of their brilliance as time passes.

The luster can be restored by cleaning the leaves of the ZZ plant with a cloth soaked with a combination of milk and water.

The natural brilliance of the leaves will be restored for a longer length of time. Some claim that applying mayonnaise to the leaves would restore their brilliance.

Leaf trimming is not commonly necessary on ZZ plants because to their slow growth pace. Plants that are damaged or dying should be removed right away.

How often to Fertilize?

The care of ZZ plants, like that of any other potted plant, necessitates the use of fertilizer on a regular basis.

These do not require a consistent supply of fertilizer and may survive for many years without it.

You only need to use fertilizer once or twice throughout the growing season, and only if you follow the package instructions.

This plant was purposefully designed to be tolerant to low-nutrient environments. Overfertilization can be more harmful than not fertilizing at all.

How often should you repot a ZZ plant?

Because ZZ plants are often slow growers, you can probably go longer between repottings into larger containers.

If you supply adequate water and an appropriate habitat for the plant, it may develop quickly and abnormally.

What Kind of Soil Should You Use

It is best to utilize soil that resembles and behaves like the surrounding environment. It is critical to have proper drainage and air circulation in the soil.

Select a soil that is designed particularly for succulents, cacti, or African violets. You may add even more sand or pumice to those.

If you must make your own blend, start with regular potting soil and enrich it with sand or perlite (50-50).

ZZ Plant Care

Do ZZ plants like direct sunlight?

What a terrible thing to say! The only type of light that a zz plant cannot tolerate is direct sunlight.

These plants just need filtered, indirect light.

How do you know when a ZZ plant needs water?

When you observe that the soil has completely dried out, you can add more water to your zz. It’s time to water if the dirt in the container feels dry to the touch.

Insert your finger at least 2 inches down from the top of the container to see if the soil is ready for planting.

When your finger can be entered and withdrawn with minimum soil residue, the soil is ready.

However, if a significant amount of soil is still adhering to your finger, you should wait a bit longer.

Again, overwatering is the quickest way to kill a zz, so if you’re unsure whether your plant needs water, allowing it a few more days won’t hurt.

A zz plant will seldom die due to a lack of water, although it can happen. If you observe your zz losing leaves or becoming wilted, immediately water it.

ZZ Plant Care Tips

Some of the most important things to consider when caring for your zamioculcas zamiifolia are:

Water infrequently, but thoroughly

Despite the fact that zz plants are prone to overwatering, you need not be overly cautious while watering them. When watering your zz, be sure to thoroughly soak it.

Don’t give them too much love

Many new plant parents overwater their young plants in an attempt to show them more care.

How to Care for a ZZ Plant (Zamioculcas Zamiifolia)

However, zz plants thrive when left to totally dry up between waterings; they profit greatly from a little neglect.

Give them a little shine

If you see a buildup of dust on your plant’s leaves, you may help it conduct photosynthesis by lightly wiping the leaves.

There is no need to purchase an expensive leaf shine treatment when a moist towel would suffice.

Clean the leaves gently from the stems to the tips with a gentle cloth or sponge dampened with lukewarm water.

Avoid direct light

If you set your zz plant in direct sunlight, it may become burnt (yes, plants can get tanned!) and develop brown patches on the leaves. Instead, use indirect lighting sources.

More light = more growth

Your zz will survive in a dark area, but they will not grow much. zz development requires bright, indirect light.

Buy the size zz that you want for your space

You won’t need to repot your zz anytime soon because it grows at a snail’s pace.

Purchasing a little zz plant in the hopes that it would develop into a giant specimen for the office corner is a waste of time and money.

Rotate the pot

Zanzibar diamonds, like many houseplants, are drawn to light windows.

Quarterly pot rotations every few months will keep your plant growing straight and evenly on all sides.

ZZ Plant Problems

There are few diseases or pests that may seriously harm ZZ plants. In the worst-case situation, the leaves will turn yellow.

This is a sign of overwatering; make sure the soil is totally dry before watering again.

ZZ Plant Care

If the plant’s leaves begin to yellow, carefully remove it from its container and inspect the soil and roots.

Roots and rhizomes should both be white and crisp.

If they are, and the soil appears dry to the touch, you can re-pot the plant, but be careful not to overwater it from now on.

Dark or mushy roots and rhizomes indicate root rot, which requires additional attention.

Common Issues and Pest

Any issues you face with your ZZ plant are most likely the consequence of your own carelessness.

They seldom come upon pests. Aphids, which are attracted to the sap of the ZZ plant, are the most likely pest.

Overwatering is the most prevalent cause of yellowing leaves on this plant.

When a plant loses its leaves, it is usually due to a lack of water.


How to Propagate

The zz plant is one of the few plant species that can be produced entirely from its own leaves.

Stem cuttings are another way to propagate this plant.

How big does a ZZ Plant get?

ZZ grown indoors In optimal conditions, plants can reach two or three feet (.6 to.9 meters) in height and breadth.

It takes three to five years for the plant to mature, although some plants might grow six inches or more in a single growing season.

Varieties of ZZ plants

The glossy leaves of the typical zanzibar gem range in color from light green in young leaves to deeper green in mature foliage. Of course, there are two more zz plant kinds to look for:

  • Raven zz. The raven zz plant is outwardly identical to the ordinary zz, with the exception of its dark purple, practically black leaves.
  • Zenzi zz. The zenzi, or ‘dwarf zz,’ is a tiny version of the zanzibar gem. The leaves form more spirally around the stem than on a traditional zz plant, and the latter does not grow as tall.

Where does the zz plant come from?

My first step in learning how to properly care for a new houseplant is always to observe how it grows in the wild.

An indoor plant will thrive in an environment that is as near to its natural habitat as feasible.

Zamioculcas zamiifolia is often known as a zz plant or zanzibar jewel, although it is also advertised as an aroid palm and eternity plant.

Drought commonly affects its native environment, the grasslands and woods of eastern Africa.

This permits the thick stems and rhizomes of the zz plant to hold a lot of water. The leaflets on the stems have a shiny, waxy look.

ZZ Plant Care

Why isn’t my ZZ plant growing?

We love zz plants for their ability to lighten a gloomy atmosphere, but they won’t survive if they don’t receive enough sunshine to grow.

If you want your zz plant to grow and thicken its foliage, increase the quantity of (indirect) light it receives.

Is ZZ plant safe for cats, dogs and humans.

It’s a shame that this lovely plant is dangerous; even swallowing a tiny bit of it can have bad consequences due to the high concentration of calcium oxide crystals present throughout the plant.

Ingesting this plant is unlikely to cause major harm to most humans or animals, yet susceptibility to it varies widely across individuals and species.

Both the lips and the stomach may suffer significant damage.

The plant should be kept out of reach of pets and small children.

Remember that motivated cats can climb almost any surface, so there is no place you can feel fully safe.

If you have a dog or cat who likes to nibble or chew on your houseplants, avoid this plant.

If your child or pet has swallowed the plant, keep an eye out for any signs of discomfort and, if required, seek a doctor or veterinarian.

While a modest amount is unlikely to cause harm, drinking too much of it may cause health concerns. This plant should not be consumed.

The plant is safe to touch with your bare hands.

However, if you have sensitive skin and have difficulty handling other plants, this one may cause skin irritation (sap); if this occurs, you should use gloves anytime you handle this plant in the future.

How can I tell if I am overwatering my ZZ?

When plants are overwatered, their stems get mushy and their leaves become yellow.

Overwatering might also cause the plant’s leaves to fall off. Don’t water your plant yet, and feel free to prune it.

When the earth at the bottom of the container has completely dried out, your plant requires water. This might take up to a month to finish.

How can I tell if I am underwatering my ZZ?

When a plant is submerged, the leaf tips dry out and become crispy. In this case, you should reduce the amount of water you give the plant and increase the frequency with which you water it.

Can my ZZ tolerate really low light?

Yes, however your plant’s growth will most certainly be hampered as a result.

Overwatering becomes more dangerous in low-light circumstances, so be cautious not to deluge your plant while watering it.

How often should I fertilize my plant?

Most houseplants thrive when nourished between spring and autumn.

Once a month, follow the dilution and application instructions on the container of an organic houseplant fertilizer.

Because Greenery NYC’s organic potting mix and slow-release fertilizer are already in the soil, your plant will not require fertilizer for at least the first six months after you receive it.

How often does my plant need to be repotted?

For smaller plants maintained on a desk, repotting should be done every 12-18 months. You should choose a potting dish that is 1″ – 2″ larger in diameter than the eventual plant.

Use a pot that is much larger than the previous one to avoid rotting the plant’s roots.

Repotting into the same container with new soil and trimming away some roots and leaves will keep your plant at its current size.

While the plant is actively developing, repotting should be done in the spring or summer.

Repotting larger floor plants every 18 to 24 months is recommended. Choose a potting container with a diameter that is 2 to 4 inches larger than the final plant.

ZZ Plant Care

Choosing a pot that is significantly larger than the previous one risks killing the plant’s roots.

Keep your plant’s current size by repotting it into the same container with fresh soil and removing some of the plant’s roots and leaves.

When the plant is actively developing, such as in the spring or summer, it is time to repot it.

As I reached my local nursery the other day, a delivery worker for indoor plants was unloading a car.

I peered inside since I am usually curious and a major admirer of greenery and discovered a true plant-candy store packed to the gills with a broad range of leaves and stems instead of the usual chocolate and sprinkles.

To demonstrate that I am such a person, I approached the farmer and began speaking.

After my minute-long “tour” of the truck, I asked him what his best-selling plant was. As you may have guessed, ZZ plant (Zamioculcas zamiifolia).

Scrolling through thousands of photos of #houseplantsofinstagram and #crazyplantlady foliage, you’re certain to come upon a ZZ plant in the corner of the frame.

Z. zamiifolia, a tropical plant, has been trending on all of your favorite social media sites, and for good reason.

After much back-and-forth (and without even attempting to pronounce the lengthy word), I was finally persuaded to go out and acquire my very own #zzplant from the nursery. What factors influenced my decision?

How can I propagate a ZZ ?

ZZ plants develop from tuber-like rhizomes that are rather large.

This plant thrives in dry conditions and in houses where people are prone to forgetting to water their plants because to the ability of its rhizomes to store water.

ZZ may be simply reproduced by splitting these rhizomes and replanting. A second alternative is to remove a tiny part of the plant’s stem and two leaves.

ZZ spreads faster when more or bigger rhizomes are grown together.


There is no proof that the ZZ Plant harbors cancer-causing bacteria, yet some people have made this claim.

However, we emphasize the need of keeping this plant out of the reach of dogs and children, since its swallowed components can cause severe discomfort.

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