Many people have ZZ plants because they require little care. The option to grow your own ZZ plants means you may expand to your collection or share with a friend (or, well, ask a friend for a leaf to propagate at home).
There are several methods for propagating ZZ plants, however leaf cuttings are our particular favorite.
Because it uses so little of the mother plant, this approach is great for “asking a friend to give you a leaf of their plant,” and it works extremely well.
The following photographs will explain how to reproduce zamioculcas zamiifolia.
You will also be able to examine the outcomes of propagation in various media and choose the one that best meets your demands.
What Is the ZZ Plant?
The tropical perennial ZZ plant is endemic to eastern Africa. Zamioculcas zamiifolia is its scientific name, although it is often known as Zansibar gem or aroid palm.
The glossy, spherical, dark green leaves of the ZZ plant make it a popular houseplant.
Rhizomes, the underground stems of ZZ plants, not only develop new roots and shoots, but also store water and important nutrients.
All About That Rhizome
ZZ Plants retain water in their rhizomes, which look like small bulbous potatoes in the soil, and hence do not require frequent watering.
Rhizomes are subterranean stems that sprout above ground around the base of plants.
If you take a cutting from your ZZ Plant, it will grow a new set of roots and rhizome very fast.
It’s a fun experiment to try with kids since they’ll be able to see the changes for themselves.
Can ZZ Plants be Propagated? Is it Difficult?
ZZ plants can be produced from seed, but they can also be propagated through cuttings of their leaves, stems, or roots, or by simply splitting the plant.
Cutting takes significantly longer than dividing, although neither method is very difficult.
When your ZZ plant is fully mature, it will begin to produce new plants from its rhizomes, also known as tuberous roots.
Puppies are the name given to the offspring of dogs and cats.
The rhizomes may be gently pulled out, the pups separated, and replanted in soil. This is the most effective means of disseminating.
Leaf samples can also be collected. After the cut end of the leaf has created a callus, immerse it in water or soil to encourage new root growth.
If you cut a stem and let the cut end to callus, you may put it in water or soil and it will develop roots.
To finish the latter two ways, it may take a year in a conventional household or a few months in a greenhouse.
How to Propagate ZZ Plants: The Essentials
ZZ plants may be propagated in three ways: stem cuttings, leaf cuttings, and division.
The first two methods involve cutting a stem or leaf and allowing the end to form a callus before immersing it in water or soil to root.
If the rhizomes of a mature ZZ plant multiply, the plant can be divided.
How to Propagate ZZ Plants
It has previously been proven that you may reproduce your ZZ plant using a multitude of methods.
To spread the word, leaf cuttings, stem cuttings, and root division can all be employed.
It is straightforward to propagate the zamioculcas zamiifolia plant, however it may take some time.
There might be a period of many weeks with no change. If the plant tissue used for propagation is otherwise healthy, no new growth is required.
These plants demand a careful cultivator.
Do you need rooting hormone for propagating ZZ plant?
While rooting hormone is not essential for good ZZ plant multiplication, it can help with root formation.
The same propagation tactics that work for one ZZ plant type will work for every other ZZ plant. A white leaf cannot be used to reproduce a variegated plant.
Once propagated, the ZZ plant should be handled as any other established plant.
ZZ Plant Leaf Propagation in Water, Soil and Moss
The leaves of the ZZ plant may be effectively grown in a variety of conditions. This method has the benefit of using less resources.
Only one leaf from the mother plant is required for a new plant to grow from its spores.
Using a pristine pair of sharp scissors, cut a vigorous leaf off a fully formed stalk (including the petiole). Leaves can be propagated right away or left out in the open for a few hours to callus.
To be clear, we always used newly propagated ones, and there haven’t been any rotting issues with them yet (callus is supposed to protect the cuttings from rotting).
What medium to propagate in?
When working with dirt, the simplest choice is to plant a leaf and be done with it. There is no need to transplant it after roots or rhizomes have established.
While water and sphagnum moss are normally healthy for leaves, soil can cause rotting.
The nicest part about doing this with water is being able to see it all develop. On the other hand, you’ll need to put your plant in a soil-filled container at some point.
Keep the soil moist while beginning a plant from seed in the ground. To keep the leaf from dropping, it must be firmly pushed into the soil.
Above ground, there should be a lot of greenery.
Sphagnum moss grows between these two extremes. The progression is plainly seen. It is exceedingly improbable that rot will develop.
Although repotting is unavoidable, you may protect the roots by covering the new container with sphagnum moss.
If you fill a container with sphagnum moss, add water, and then insert the leaf, you may use it instead of soil.
Our ZZ plant leaves are all ready to continue on their journey.
Bag them and place in an area with bright indirect light
Keep your cuttings in their current media, but place them in a plastic bag or a glass container in a humid environment to keep the humidity up.
Because the water will not evaporate, you won’t have to do anything with these.
This will help keep fungus gnats and other pests away from your young plants.
If you’re growing your propagation in water, you can add or refill the water as needed until the water becomes hazy.
Over the course of two months, there was just one addition of water.
Airtight bags should be opened every two weeks.
Maintain a regular timetable for inspecting your leaves. If they appear strong, you’re on the right track.
In the highly odd occasion that you come upon a rotting leaf, simply throw it. Make careful you only stir the leaves when absolutely necessary.
Now comes the inevitable period of waiting. Furthermore, if you utilize them, it may take a long time. Results should be visible in around 2 weeks to 5 weeks, however this is not always the case.
Growth After 2 Months
If you propagate the ZZ plant in water, you may have to wait many weeks before seeing any results. Don’t get too worked up. Please bear with us.
The plant will ultimately form spherical rhizomes that will act as water storage organs. The hump will be little at first, but it will grow with time. The roots will begin to expand from this point forward.
After a little more time – for this batch, it took 2 months, but it might take much longer – you’ll notice big gigantic spherical rhizomes and possibly even a handful of roots.
Here is the most recent information on all of the methods two months into the process of propagating ZZ plants.
Small rhizomes grew from the submerged leaves, and robust roots appeared.
A control group that did not get rooting hormone is shown on the left, while a group that did receive rooting hormone is shown on the right.
After all, the transformation isn’t so drastic.
It’s amazing to see ZZ plant propagation in water. Growth is slower than it is on soil or on moss.
The roots are sensitive and should not be handled unless absolutely necessary. These would only be dug up for photographs if absolutely necessary.
As illustrated below, this growth is superior than that obtained by growing a ZZ plant in water. Another case when the rooting hormone failed to deliver amazing effects.
Moss was also fruitful, with enormous rhizomes and many roots (the moss is clinging to them, so they are hard to see, removing the moss would damage the roots).
When To Propagate Zamioculcas Zamiifolia
It is best to take stem or leaf cuttings from a ZZ plant in the spring or summer. So that they might enjoy the impending warmer months.
You should divide them in the spring or summer for the same reasons. Their quick recuperation over the summer months speaks well for your chances.
You can safely plant them now
Once rhizomes and a few roots have formed, you may safely repot your baby ZZ plant into its own container. Alternatively, combine many in a single container.
Keep the soil moist and avoid heaping earth on top of the rhizome.
How To Propagate From Stem Cuttings
Choose A Stem
First and foremost, you need a healthy cutting to successfully propagate a plant. Look at your plant and pick a strong stem (scientifically a petiole) with lots of leaves and a good sheen.
Leaves that are yellowing or browning, as well as any damaged or diseased parts of the stem, should be avoided.
Choose a stem with aesthetics in mind. Since the cut mark will be visible, select a location where it will be obscured by other plants.
Consider the plant as a whole, and if necessary, take cuttings from both the left and right sides to ensure the plant retains its symmetrical form.
Remove The Stem
After you’ve chosen the appropriate stem(s), arm yourself with a sharp knife or pruning shears. The plant will heal faster if you make a clean cut.
Before you begin, make sure your equipment is clean and disinfected. Any previously used instruments can spread germs and illnesses to the new cutting and the parent plant.
All or portion of the stem, or simply the tip, may be removed at once. However, if the stem is severed, it will not regrow, so if you want your plant to look nice, remove it totally.
Separate the stem into pieces that are at least 4 inches long. You may keep your cuttings for a longer amount of time if you want them to appear more mature while the roots grow, like I have done above.
Remove The Leaves
The cutting’s base will be immersed in liquid or soil. That is why it is critical to remove the plant’s leaves while leaving portion of its stem exposed.
The leaves can be removed by plucking them off or cutting them with scissors. You can cultivate new ZZ Plants from these cuttings by following the directions in the following way.
ZZ Plant stem cuttings, like most other plants, may be rooted in water or soil. While monitoring rhizome and root growth in water is easier, soil results in more strong roots that can tolerate transplant shock.
Get a tall enough glass to hold the cuttings upright in water as you root them.
Before using, make sure it is pristine to prevent the spread of bacteria. Then, in the glass, arrange the cutting with the bottom half immersed and the leaves above the water.
Place the glass somewhere bright and out of direct sunlight. You should replace the water every few days and replace it totally once a week.
To use as a rooting medium in soil, combine equal parts coconut coir and perlite.
The mixture keeps enough moisture to support rhizome and root growth while properly draining enough to prevent rotting.
Fill a pot with propagation mix and water to get it ready for planting.
Then, using your finger, puncture several holes in the ground and plant the cutting, or several cuttings in the same pot if you’ve previously done some pruning.
Plant the cutting by squeezing your fingers around its circumference, and then move the pot to a location with plenty of indirect light.
Water regularly, but don’t allow the soil become saturated until you see new growth.
The rhizome will have produced roots an inch or two long in a few months and will be ready to be transplanted.
To produce your own houseplant soil mix, blend two parts potting soil, one part perlite, and one part coconut coir or peat moss in a larger container. Make sure the pot has enough drainage holes to prevent root rot.
In the same pot, grow a pair of cuttings. After replanting, push down around the plant to remove any air pockets and then water the area.
Stem Cuttings In Water
Simply place your newly cut stems in a container or glass of water to employ this method. Simply ensure that enough water is present to cover the exposed ends once they have been clipped.
Change the water once or twice a week and keep the container in indirect sunlight to keep it fresh.
Although the exact time it takes for new roots to grow varies, you can plan to wait a long period.
Although the first signs of life may appear after only a week or two, the roots may not have grown sufficiently to warrant repotting for another two months.
There are times when it takes even longer!
Stem Cuttings In Soil
Just like with the stem cuttings in water method, you’ll need to cut a stem into one or multiple pieces. Again, it’s recommended to give the stem cuttings a chance to heal a bit before going any further.
Once the cuts have calloused over, you can place the cuttings into loose, well-draining soil.
Normal potting soil mixed with some perlite and/or orchid bark works perfectly for houseplants with succulent-like properties like this one. Once you’ve planted the cuttings, water generously.
This method also takes a while. Be patient!
Your cuttings will work on their root system before putting out new growth above ground, which means it can take a good while before any leaves pop up.
Not sure whether your ZZ plant propagation attempt has been successful? If it’s already been a bit, you can give the cutting a slight tug.
If you feel resistance, that means roots have developed! Just don’t disturb your new plants too much to avoid damaging the delicate roots by accident.
How To Propagate From Leaf Cuttings
Remove A Leaf
ZZ Plants may be reproduced in a number of ways, including stem cuttings, division, and even leaf cuttings, though the latter is significantly less common.
If a leaf is taken from its petiole, it may develop into a new plant if the petiole is also removed.
This is the most basic way. Simply twist a healthy leaf off the main stalk with your fingers to collect it. When a segment of the stem connects to a leaf, new rhizomes develop.
Even one leaf will suffice, although many cuttings taken at the same time will have a greater chance of rooting than a single cutting.
You may use the leaves you took off the stem cuttings before planting to try both procedures at the same time.
Rooting In Water
If you utilize the correct container, these leaves will root in water.
Because water evaporates fast, the water level must be kept low to avoid reaching the majority of the leaves, which is more difficult than with stem cuttings.
To keep the leaves from drifting down into the water and decomposing, an extra piece of thin glass is required.
You can soak the leaves in filtered or distilled water. Continue to add water as needed, possibly once a day or every few days.
When rhizomes appear at the leaf bases, it is time to transplant the cuttings.
Rooting In Soil
Because soil maintains more moisture than a thin coating of water can, especially on a hot day, rooted leaves in soil takes less care and upkeep.
Fill a tray with water and a mixture of coconut coir (or peat moss if you have it) and perlite before planting.
The leaves are then driven into the ground while still upright, with the undersides concealed.
To keep the leaves from blowing over, place the tray in a bright, warm location away from drafts.
Even though it takes a few months for a rhizome to sprout and even longer for a complete petiole to grow, these gorgeous low-maintenance plants are worth the wait.
To decrease shock during transfer, you may either transplant the rhizome’s leaves into a larger container or wait until the roots have grown longer.
Planting from stem cuttings is as simple as preparing ordinary planting soil. Keep the soil evenly moist but not saturated until new growth appears, then place the new pot in a bright, indirect light setting.
How To Propagate By Division
Remove The Plant From The Pot
Propagating via division is a rapid way to double the number of plants you have.
This can only be done with well-established plants, but it helps their development by keeping them from being overcrowded and giving them more area to grow in their container.
The first step, like with repotting, is to remove the plant from its pot. If you want to make eradication easier, cease watering a few days before you start.
If the lid won’t come off, gently squeeze the pot’s sides.
Shake the plant to expose the new root growth and remove the top layer of soil. Before you separate them, give them a short rinse under water to remove any remaining soil.
Divide Into Sections
The plant’s rhizomes and roots should be visible, allowing you to break it into manageable parts. Transplanting should be done only when each region has enough root growth to avoid shock and stress.
Certain pieces may be readily disassembled, while others must be cut. Use a sharp knife since any wounds will take longer to heal and will make your plant more prone to pests and illnesses.
If your ZZ Plant has gotten too huge, it may be too knotted for you to see how to divide it.
The good news is that they can live even if they are sliced up as long as each piece keeps some of their original roots.
With a clean, sharp knife, cut directly into the rhizome, taking care not to harm the surrounding roots or stems.
Fill as many pots as there will be cuttings with indoor plant-specific potting soil. Place each cutting carefully in its own pot, fill the container with soil until it is an inch or two below the rim, and then plant the cutting.
Firmly push around the base of the plant to keep it in place and provide uniform water distribution. Keep the plants in their new pots in indirect sunlight and provide plenty of water while they acclimate.
Key Considerations when Propagating a ZZ Plant
Level of Difficulty
Thankfully, ZZ plants aren’t too difficult to grow. Division is the simplest and most direct method.
ZZ plants are simple to reproduce; simply wait for the “mother” plant to mature, then divide its rhizomes and place the children in fresh pots.
You may also simply take leaf and stem cuttings. However, root development might take many months. Stems will emerge even later.
Can ZZ Plants Grow in Water or Soil?
New plants may be produced from ZZ plant leaves and stem cuttings in either water or soil. Both approaches are worthwhile, but the results may take months or even a year.
Can You Propagate ZZ Plants From Just a Leaf?
ZZ plants are simple to clone; all you need is a single leaf. Allow the cut leaf to heal (form a callus) overnight before replanting it in soil or water.
After that, you’ll have to wait a year or more for the cutting to root and develop a new stem.
How To Care For ZZ Plants
ZZ plants, like other houseplants, require indirect, intense light to grow. This means that putting them near a window is preferable.
If you only have a window that gets direct sunlight, just move your plant a few feet away from it or pull a sheer curtain to block off the brightest rays.
As a result, the leaves are less prone to become discolored or burnt.
Because they are endemic to tropical climates, plants in the genus ZZ enjoy warm, humid environments.
Good news for us: as long as you’re comfortable in your home, your ZZ plants will definitely be as well.
ZZ plants aren’t picky about their soil conditions, as long as it drains well. Succulents and cacti should be planted in a combination of three parts standard potting soil to one part speciality soil.
To boost the porosity of the soil, add bark or perlite.
One of the reasons ZZ plants are so popular is their ability to withstand a broad range of irrigation conditions.
Nobody has ever lived who hasn’t forgotten to water their plants at least once.
While they do require more water than many people believe (they are not genuine succulents), they do not require continual attention.
Your ZZ plant may only require watering every two weeks depending on the environment in your home.
Wait until the top few inches of soil are dry before watering strongly and allowing the water to completely drain through the planter.
The ZZ plants aren’t finicky, although they do appreciate supplementary feedings every now and again.
You should do this especially if your ZZ is flourishing well and growing a lot of new leaves.
You can use a diluted conventional houseplant fertilizer once every two months throughout the growth season.
Fertilizing is not required during the winter months because plant development is slowed.
Are ZZ Plants Toxic To Cats And Dogs?
Unfortunately, ZZ plants are harmful to both feline and canine companions. In fact, they are lethal to humans and other animals.
Consumption of any part of the ZZ plant can result in unpleasant side effects like as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Wear gloves when touching the plant since it may hurt your skin and eyes. This is one houseplant that should be kept away from both dogs and children.
Common ZZ Plant Propagation Problems, Questions, and Remedies:
When is the best time of year to propagate ZZ plants?
Because ZZ plants are most fruitful in the spring and summer, you should propagate them during those seasons. This time of year is also great for pruning and repotting your ZZ plants.
How long does it take a ZZ Plant to root in water?
When cultivated in a greenhouse, it takes many months for a stem or leaf cutting to root in water. Under regular household conditions, it takes a year or more for the roots to establish themselves.
Can You Propagate A Broken Zamioculcas Zamiifolua Plant Stem?
If the top few leaves on the broken Zamioculcas zamiifolia stem survive, you can utilize them to propagate new plants.
Trimming the damaged end first allows for a straight, clean cut.
ZZ plants are infamous for being difficult to reproduce quickly, but the process is actually rather simple. It’s also a lot of fun to share your mother plant’s children with others.
Can a ZZ Plant live in water forever?
ZZ plants, however, are not aquatic immortals. After a cutting of leaves or stems has taken root, transfer it to a container filled with the proper potting soil mix.
How long does it take ZZ Plant to propagate?
Because you’ll be transplanting an already developing ZZ plant, the propagation procedure is very quick when employing the division method.
A plant might take a year or more to reproduce from a cutting of a leaf or stem.
Are ZZ Plants hard to propagate?
ZZ plant propagation is straightforward. Unlike leaf/stem cutting, which takes months to develop fruit, division accelerates the process.
Can you grow a ZZ Plant from a broken leaf?
If you immerse a damaged leaf in water or soil for an extended period of time, it can sprout new roots. Please be patient as this will take a long time.
Can a ZZ Plant grow from one leaf?
Single ZZ leaves can be utilized to propagate new plants. Submerge the sliced, calloused end in liquid or plant it in damp soil to keep it from drying out.
The plant will have produced roots and stems in a few months.
Why is my ZZ Plant not rooting?
The failure of a ZZ plant to establish roots might be due to a variety of circumstances.
Most of the time, it’s due to poor growing conditions, such as being too cold, hot, moist, or dry in the location where the plant is cultivated.
It’s also critical to keep an eye out for ZZ plant diseases and pests.
Gardeners who wish to grow plants indoors enjoy ZZ plants because of their enticing, tropical appearance.
Another reason for their popularity is their leniency. This low-maintenance trait extends to propagation: ZZ plants are easily reproduced by rhizome division, leaf cuttings, and stem cuttings.
Propagation is an excellent way to expand your ZZ plant collection if you have the time and care to commit to it.
For your next ZZ plant, go no further than our extensive database of the best plant retailers in the country.